Elbow pain can have various origins, including the elbow joint or the surrounding tissues. This article briefly discusses the primary causes of elbow pain.
- Wear and Tear and Elbow Arthritis: Major Causes of Chronic Pain
- Muscular Structure and Tendons of the Elbow
- Tennis and Golfer's Elbow: Common Causes of Elbow Pain
- Olecranon Bursitis: Pain in the Back of the Elbow
- Cubital and Radial Tunnel Syndromes: Pressure on Elbow Nerves
- Neck Region Diseases and Their Effect on the Elbow
- Diseases and Infections Affecting the Elbow
- Other Causes of Elbow Pain
Wear and Tear and Elbow Arthritis: Major Causes of Chronic Pain
Wear and tear and elbow arthritis can be key factors in chronic pain in this area. This wear can have different causes, including improperly healed fractures or chronic injuries from impacts leading to arthritis and pain in the elbow.
Muscular Structure and Tendons of the Elbow
The elbow is a junction for many forearm muscles. Most of these muscles’ tendons connect to the inner and outer parts of the elbow; extensor muscles (those that open the forearm) attach to the outer side, while flexor muscles (those that bend the forearm) attach to the inner side.
Tennis and Golfer’s Elbow: Common Causes of Elbow Pain
- Tennis Elbow: Pain due to the strain of the extensor muscle tendons on the outer part of the elbow.
- Golfer’s Elbow: Pain in the inner part of the elbow due to the strain of the flexor muscle tendons.
Olecranon Bursitis: Pain in the Back of the Elbow
Behind the elbow bone and between it and the skin lies a tissue sac called the olecranon bursa. Inflammation and swelling of this bursa can lead to olecranon bursitis and pain in the back of the elbow.
Cubital and Radial Tunnel Syndromes: Pressure on Elbow Nerves
- Cubital Tunnel Syndrome: Pressure on the ulnar nerve in the elbow, potentially causing pain in the inner part of the elbow and numbness in the little finger.
- Radial Tunnel Syndrome: Pressure on the radial nerve in the elbow, potentially leading to pain on the outer surface and muscular weakness in the forearm.
Neck Region Diseases and Their Effect on the Elbow
Sometimes, diseases in the neck area, such as cervical spine arthritis or herniated intervertebral discs, can lead to elbow pain.
Diseases and Infections Affecting the Elbow
Joint infections, elbow tumors, and some rheumatic diseases can cause elbow pain.
Other Causes of Elbow Pain
Elbow fractures, dislocations, and bicep tendon tears at the elbow are also among other causes of elbow pain.
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